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Soil Amendments References

  1. Environmental Protection Agency. Summary of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. 7 U.S.C. § 136.
  2. Leafy Greens Marketing Agreement. Commodity Specific Food Safety Guidelines for the Production and Harvest of Lettuce and Leafy Greens. 2020.
  3. National Organic Program. CFR § 205.203. 2012. Soil Fertility and Crop Nutrient Management Practice Standard.
  4. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.56. 2015.
  5. Fukushima HK, Hoshina K, Gomyoda M. Long-Term Survival of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli O26, O111, and O157 in Bovine Feces. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999. 65(11):5177–81.
  6. Gagliardi JV, Karns JS. Leaching of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Diverse Soils under Various Agricultural Management Practices. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010. 66(3):877–83.
  7. Islam M, Doyle MP, Phatak SC, Millner P, Jiang X. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Soil and on Carrots and Onions Grown in Fields Treated with Contaminated Manure Composts or Irrigation Water. Food Microbiol. 2005. 22:63–70.
  8. Wang G, Zhao T, Doyle MP. Fate of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in bovine feces. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Jul. 62(7):2567–70.
  9. Bihn EA. Survey of Current Water Use Practices on Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Farms and Evaluation of Microbiological Quality of Surface Waters Intended for Fresh Produce Production. Thesis [Ph.D.], Cornell University. 2011.
  10. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.54. 2015.
  11. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.60. 2015.
  12. Manure Management for Small Hobby Farms. Northeast Recycling Council. 2019. 
  13. Cornell Waste Management Institute factsheets
  14. Formal Recommendation by the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) to the National Organic Program (NOP). 
  15. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.51. 2015.
  16. NRCS. Waste Utilization. Code 633. 2002.
  17. NRCS. Nutrient Management. Code 590. 2012.
  18. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.52. 2015.
  19. FSMA, Produce Safety Rule. 21 CFR § 112.55. 2015.
  20. Clements D, Acuña-Maldonado L, Fisk C, Stoeckel D, Wall G, Woods K, and Bihn E. FSMA Produce Safety Rule: Documentation Requirements for Commercial Soil Amendment Suppliers. Produce Safety Alliance; 2019.

Additional Resource